Psychological Assessment Protocol For Asylum Applications in Federal Immigration Courts
By Reuben Vaisman-Tzachor, PhD, FACFEI, DABPS, FAPA
The unique challenge posed to immigration authorities by asylum applications creates a demand for psychological evaluations to provide accurate assessment of asylum seekers and their claims of persecution. The psychological evaluation in asylum cases requires forensic psychology experts to become familiar with the terms and procedures used to adjudicate asylum applications, to understand the legal dilemmas faced by immigration authorities, and to know the standards governing the evidence provided by experts in federal courts. The protocol for psychological evaluations in asylum applications provides the court with evidence that demonstrates the validity of persecution claims made by asylum applicants and justification for the veracity of asylum seekers’ claims, based on professional psychological assessment. It calls for forensic psychology experts to maintain unbiased perspectives and avoid ethical pitfalls, as well as develop a study that considers the questions relevant to the dilemma faced by immigration authorities for each unique case. Careful selection of tools and procedures will guarantee valid information is collected, and the outcomes of evaluations and opinions that develop must be recorded in written reports, which offer clear recommendations for immigration authorities to consider.
Improving Reasoning in Medicolegal Evaluations
By Mark Schroeder MD
This paper presents a systematic approach to analysis in medicolegal evaluations in light of recent challenges within the type of reasoning that medical experts use. I identify a form of reasoning that is used within a specific argumentation structure as being the most appropriate to the goals of medicolegal evaluations. This approach to analysis addresses the legal system’s need for well-supported opinions applied to specific cases. It achieves the core task of medicolegal decision-making: to classify an individual as one of two legal categories, "disabled" or "not disabled,” or "sane" or "insane".
Perspective on Sensory Deprication Techniques
By G. I. Wilson
The impact of sensory deprivation on physical and mental well-being is of great interest to mental health and legal professionals, especially as it pertains to solitary confinement, supermax housing units, and isolation. Extreme sensory deprivation and solitary confinement may result in hallucinations and cognitive miscues eroding one’s ability to participate in judicial...
Forensic Evaluations in Capitol Cases
By Gerald Cooke, PhD
This article focuses on how psychological-neuropsychological testing can be utilized in capital cases. Statutory and case law provide the legal parameters regarding the application of test findings to assessment of the mitigating factors a jury or judge must consider in determining whether to impose the death sentence. The article also discusses what background...
Caught On Video
Cameras, Computers, and Control: Convenience or Conspiracy?
By Edward J Primeau
This article provides an inside look at the ever-expanding role of today’s security cameras and surveillance videos, used as a means of monitoring public activity and protecting citizens. I include a basic overview of the types of surveillance applications and compare their functional capabilities, strengths, and weaknesses. I also examine...
Psychopathy, Antisocial Personality, & Sociopathy: The Basics
A History Review
By Paula M. MacKenzie, PsyD, MSEd
The concept and use of the word psychopath has a rather long history all of its own, yet, in spite of its history, a good deal of conceptual confusion remains. Many authors have honed in on a very specific type of deviant behavior that at its core is distinctly different from mental illness or psychosis-related behavior.
An Anthropological Comparison of Two Children's Photographs
By Horacio E. Solla, PhD
The two most popular theories about the nationality of the famous tango singer, Carlos Gardel, are presented here. These are the Uruguayan and French theories. Both arguments are exposed according to documentation, witness testimonies, and Gardel's declarations to the media. A study and anthropological comparison of two children´s photographs...
Integrative Clinician Part 2:
Integrative Awareness in PTSD Treatment:
Avoiding Unseen Risks of a Provider-Initiated Drug Withdrawal
By Rev. Dr. Chrys L. Parker, J.D.
In "The Integrative Clinician" series, the author discusses the importance of exercising integrative awareness when treating patients with PTSD. Through integrative approaches, clinicians can develop a heightened awareness of...
Forensic Psychological Reports: Medical Records or Confidential Employment Documents?By George A. Harris and Martin Zehr
This article explores ethical, legal, and practical problems related to disclosure and release of documents and reports in fitness for duty, forensic, and pre-employment evaluations. Regulations developed for state licensing boards often do not take into account the complexities of evaluations not done in a strictly clinical context. It is often unclear who has the right to authorize...
An Expert’s Honor is Not an OxymoronBy Paul D. Friedman, MA, PhD, JD
“Honesty is the best policy. If I lose mine honor, I lose myself.” William Shakespeare wrote about the internal need for honesty, integrity and honor over five hundred years ago and the same principles withstand the test of time.
Chargemaster: How it is Ruining Healthcare for AmericansBy John Haberströh
This paper will explore the ramifications of the nation’s systemic, overzealous overbilling for every conceivable medical service available as well as the laughable mythology of “non-profit” hospitals. There will be a brief discussion on the history Universal Health Care in the United States. We will also discuss what is so wrong with this system, why so many Americans are dying no matter how much money is thrown at the problem...
Integrative Clinician PT 1By Rev. Dr. Chrys L. Parker, JD
This article contains a brief discussion of (l) the author's concept of practice as an integrative professional, (2) an overview of what integrative care does and does not involve, (3) why integrative approaches may play an important role in the creation of vital linkages between caregiving professions, and (4) how the regular series The Integrative Clinician will operate to enhance integrative knowledge among professionals. The article also introduces the topic of integrative care by outlining three scenarios...